‘In order to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.’
Neutrality means that the Red Cross abstains from any participating in hostilities and all political, racial, religious or ideological controversies. Those who take sides or interfere may estrange or deceive one side or the other, push them away and lose their confidence. The confidence of all is essential for the Red Cross & Red Crescent Movement to fulfil its humanitarian mission.
However, at the same time the Red Cross & Red Crescent Movement is required by the principle of humanity to speak out in favour of the vulnerable and to point out injustice (‘advocacy’).
The principle of neutrality distinguishes the Red Cross & Red Crescent Movement from other humanitarian organizations. It makes the Movement unique.